Advaita Vedanta - Monism or NonDualism
Advaita Vedanta was originally known as Puruṣavādha. Literally, it means not
two. It is an ancient school of Hindu philosophy which gained acceptance with
the growing popularity of Vedism or Brahmanism and the rise of Upanishadic
devotional philosophy. It is believed to be one of the classic paths to
spiritual realization as per Hindu tradition The term Advaita refers to the idea
that Atman, the individual self, is the same as the Supreme Self or Brahman, the
highest, transcendental reality which exists beyond the mind and senses and
cannot be realized or experienced without becoming one with it.
The followers of
this school are known as Advaita Vedantins, or just Advaitins or Mayavaadis.
They seek spiritual liberation by overcoming ignorance and impurities of the
mind and body and by gaining knowledge of the true Self as the very Brahman, and
the only reality, without a second. The philosophy and the principles of the
school are derived almost exclusively from the Vedas, especially the Upanishads,
which constitute Vedanta, literally meaning the end part of the Vedas. Hence,
Advaita is considered a school of Vedanta, which is one of the six branches,
philosophies or Darshanas of Hinduism. For more information on Advaita Vedanta,
please check the following links.1
1. The introduction is adapted from Wikipedia with necessary modifications and improvements.
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